Montgolfier brothers

(Joseph de Montgolfier; Etienne de Montgolfier)
   inventors and industrialists
   Joseph de Montgolfier (1740-1810) and Etienne de Montgolfier (1745-99) managed the family paper business in Vidalon-les-Annonay, where they were born. Etienne introduced the Dutch process of paper milling and vellum to France, and Joseph invented filter paper. Together, after 1782, the Montgolfier brothers invented and experimented with the first practical hot-air balloons, known as montgolfières. They made their well-known ascents with paper-lined linen balloons, first at Annonay and then, in September 1783, at Versailles in the presence of King louis XVI and Queen marie Antoinette. Ingenious inventors, the Montgolfier brothers also conceived the idea of a hydraulic device (1792) that could convey water. Etienne was named to the academy of sciences in 1796, and Joseph was named in 1807.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Montgolfier, Joseph-Michel and Jacques-Étienne — ▪ French aviators also called the  Montgolfier brothers  Respectively,   born Aug. 26, 1740, Annonay, France died June 26, 1810, Balaruc les Bains born Jan. 6, 1745, Annonay, France died Aug. 2, 1799, enroute from Lyon to Annonay   French… …   Universalium

  • Montgolfier, Joseph-Michel — SUBJECT AREA: Aerospace [br] b. 26 August 1740 Vidalon lès Annonay, France d. 26 June 1810 Balaruc les Bains, France [br] French ballooning pioneer who, with his brother Jacques Etienne (b. 6 January 1745 Vidalon lès Annonay, France; d. 2 August… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Montgolfier, Joseph-Michel — • Inventor; b. at Vidalon lez Annonay, 26 August, 1740; d. at Balaruc les Bains, France, 26 June, 1810 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Montgolfier, Joseph Michel      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Montgolfier — Mont gol fier, n. A balloon which ascends by the buoyancy of air heated by a fire; a fire balloon; so called from two brothers, Stephen and Joseph Montgolfier, of France, who first constructed and sent up a fire balloon. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Montgolfier , Michel Joseph de — (1740–1810) French balloonist Etienne and Michel Montgolfier, the sons of a paper manufacturer from Vidalon les Annonay, Lyons, engaged themselves in various enterprises. Michel founded his own paper factory in 1771, while Etienne practiced as an …   Scientists

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